One, Purpose of sand blasting machine:
Sand blasting machine is a machine that uses compressed air to drive abrasive materials at high speed and spray metal and non-metal surfaces to form a matte surface and an erosion surface. It is widely used and can be made of various materials. Highly proficient skills, easy operation, low processing cost, and high product added value.
表面加工：金属氧化层，碳化物黑皮，金属或非金属表面污锈清除，如：重力铸模、橡胶模之氧化物或离形剂之去除，陶瓷表面黑点，铀色去除，彩绘重生。 1. Surface processing: metal oxide layer, carbide black skin, metal or non-metal surface rust removal, such as: gravity mold, rubber mold oxide or release agent removal, ceramic surface black spots, uranium color removal, painting Rebirth.
美化加工：各种黄金， K金饰品，贵金属制品之消光或雾面处理，水晶、玻璃、波丽、压克力等非金属之雾面加工以及能使加工物表面成金属光泽。 2. Beautification processing: matting or matte treatment of various gold, K gold jewelry, precious metal products, non-metallic matte processing of crystal, glass, poly, acrylic, etc., and can make the surface of the processed material metallic luster. Etching: jade, crystal, agate, semi-precious stone, seal, elegant stone, antique, marble tombstone, ceramics, wood, bamboo, etc.
前处理加工：铁氟龙、 PU 、橡胶、塑料被复、橡胶滚桶、电镀、金属喷焊、镀钛等之前处理，使之表面附着力增加。 3. Pre-treatment: Teflon, PU , rubber, plastic quilt, rubber drum, electroplating, metal spray welding, titanium plating, etc., make the surface adhesion increase.
Deburring processing: Deburring of bakelite, plastic, zinc, aluminum die castings, electronic parts, magnetic cores, etc.
应力消除加工：航天、国防、精密工业之雾件、除锈、除漆消光、整修等之应力消除加工处理。 4. Stress Relief Processing: Stress relief processing for aerospace, national defense, precision industry fog parts, rust removal, paint removal and extinction, and repair.
电子零件加工：釸芯片之雾面及蚀刻，晶圆背面杂质去除，电子零件封装之溢胶，成品表面印字的去除，陶瓷电热之清洁。 5.Electronic parts processing: 雾 The matte surface and etching of chips, the removal of impurities on the back of wafers, the overflow of electronic component packaging, the removal of surface printing, and the cleaning of ceramic electric heating.
模具之加工：一般模具表面之喷砂，模具咬花后雾面处理，线切割模，玻璃模，轮胎模，导电橡胶模，鞋模，电木模，电镀模，按键模，塑料制品模。 (1) Mold processing: sand blasting on general mold surface, matte treatment after mold biting, wire cutting mold, glass mold, tire mold, conductive rubber mold, shoe mold, bakelite mold, electroplating mold, button mold, plastic Product mold.
大工作物之加工：大型工件，如：油槽、化学槽、船壳、铜构、铁皮屋、货柜、汽车工业等之除锈，除漆，维修及大片平板玻璃自动雾面处理。 (2) Processing of large work pieces: large-scale workpieces, such as oil tanks, chemical tanks, hulls, copper structures, metal houses, containers, automobile industry, etc., for rust removal, paint removal, maintenance, and large flat glass automatic matte processing. This sand blasting machine is suitable for sand blasting of large flat glass, iron, aluminum and other metals and non-metallic plate surface materials.
选择场地：喷砂机安装应选择通风良好，场地干燥，接取电源，气源方便的场所。 (1) Site selection: The sand blasting machine should be installed in a place with good ventilation, dry site, access to power, and convenient air source.
选择电源：喷砂机采用的电源为AC380V ， 50HZ的交流电，电源开关采用4P ， 40A的空气开关。 (2) Select the power source: The power source of the sand blasting machine is AC380V , 50HZ AC, and the power switch is 4P , 40A air switch.
选择气源：喷砂机的进气管路应采1英寸以上的铁管进行供气，气源需干燥，清洁。 (3) Select the air source: The inlet pipe of the sand blasting machine should be supplied with iron pipes of more than 1 inch for air supply . The air source must be dry and clean.
场地，电源、气源准备就绪，请检查机器各部螺丝及零件，查看是否有松脱或砸撞毁，若有请将其固定牢固，或更新新品。 (4) The site, power supply and air source are ready. Please check the screws and parts of the machine to see if they are loose or smashed. If so, please fix them firmly or update new products.
将集尘机靠于主机的背面，并将吸尘管，电源与主机接通。 (5) Lean the dust collector against the back of the host, and connect the dust suction tube and power supply to the host.
接通压缩空气。 (6) Turn on compressed air. 接通总电源。 (7) Turn on the main power. 安装完毕 。 (8) Installation is complete.
附安装参数 (9) With installation parameters
1. After the assembly is completed, turn on the power and check whether the phase sequence of the power supply is correct. If the phase sequence is out of order, just swap any two positions of the three-phase power line. Steps for commissioning sand blasting machine
、启动风机，检查风机转动方向是否正确，如果风机反转，将风机电源线任意两根位置调换即可。 2. Start the fan and check whether the direction of fan rotation is correct. If the fan is reversed, replace any two positions of the fan power cable.
、风机启动后，将适量砂材徐徐倒入机器内。 3. After the fan is started, slowly pour an appropriate amount of sand into the machine.
、打开进气开关，将压力调节阀调节旋钮轻轻拔出来，按照旋钮上指定的方向进行调节，参照压力表调到自己所需之气压，调节完毕将旋钮压下锁定，调节时往“十”或“H”方向旋转将气压调高，往“一”或“L”方向旋转即将气压调低。 4. Turn on the air inlet switch, pull out the adjustment knob of the pressure adjustment valve, and adjust it according to the direction specified on the knob. Refer to the pressure gauge to adjust the air pressure you need. After the adjustment, press the knob to lock it. Rotate in the direction of “ 10 ” or “H” to increase the air pressure, and turn in the direction of “ 1 ” or “L” to decrease the air pressure.
Note: When the knob of the pressure regulating valve cannot be adjusted, do not forcibly rotate it, otherwise the pressure regulating valve will be damaged.
）启动输送带与启动喷枪摇摆，打开喷枪开关，检查出砂量。 ( 1 ) Start the conveyor belt and start the spray gun to swing, turn on the spray gun switch, and check the sand output.
）出砂正常后，试机完毕。 ( 2 ) After the sand production is normal, the test is completed.
V. Operation of Sandblasting Machine
、加砂：启动集尘机将砂材徐徐倒进喷砂机风，第一次加砂量约为50-60公斤，在操作过程中，砂材都会消耗，因此在喷砂过程需要适量的补充新砂这样才能有足够的砂材在机器内循环和保持砂材粒度的均匀性。 1. Sand adding: Start the dust collector to slowly pour the sand material into the wind of the sand blasting machine. The first sand adding amount is about 50-60 kg. During the operation, the sand material will be consumed, so an appropriate amount is required during the sand blasting process. It is necessary to supplement the new sand so as to have enough sand material to circulate in the machine and maintain the uniformity of the sand material particle size.
）新机第一次使用时要清理干净机内残留铁屑等杂质，杂物。 Note: ( 1 ) When the new machine is used for the first time, the impurities and sundries such as iron scraps inside the machine must be cleaned up.
2 ）加砂量不能太多，也不能太少，经常保持机内约 50-60 公斤砂材。 ( 2 ) The amount of sand added should not be too much or too small, and about 50-60 kg of sand material is often maintained in the machine .
、每次操作前都必须检查每支喷枪的状况，看是否需要更换喷咀，砂管等易损材料，然后，启动摆动电机，单独开启每把喷枪的开关，检查出砂量是否正常。 2. Before each operation, the condition of each spray gun must be checked to see if it is necessary to replace nozzles, sand tubes and other fragile materials. Then, start the swing motor and turn on the switch of each spray gun individually to check whether the amount of sand is normal.
、检查完毕，正常后设置好传动速度，启动集尘机，启动喷枪摆动，启动输送带，打开喷枪开关，即可开始喷砂加工，加工时，从入料口放入产品，从出料口取下已加工好的产品。 3. After the inspection is completed, set the transmission speed after normal, start the dust collector, start the spray gun swing, start the conveyor belt, turn on the spray gun switch, and then start the sand blasting process. During processing, put the product from the inlet, and then discharge the material. Remove the processed product by mouth.
、集尘机粉尘清理操作：集尘机每操作4小时要停机清理一次，清理时要让风叶完全停止，最有效的清理方法是每天使用完后，打开集尘机门以手拍布管数次并摇动布管拉杆，然后打开集尘机下盖，将收集的粉尘放出来。 4. Dust collector dust cleaning operation: The dust collector should be shut down and cleaned once every 4 hours of operation, and the wind blades should be completely stopped during cleaning. The most effective cleaning method is to open the dust collector door after each day of use to pat the cloth by hand. Pipe several times and shake the cloth tube lever, then open the lower cover of the dust collector to release the collected dust.
、泄砂操作：启动集尘机将分离器下端3寸堵口泄下，砂材即会流出来。 5. Sand release operation: start the dust collector to release the 3 -inch plug at the lower end of the separator, and the sand material will flow out.
Six, sand blasting machine safety instructions and precautions
、操作前，请仔细研读操作手册。 1. Please read the operation manual carefully before operation.
、喷砂机输入压力不可超过8kg/cm2 2.The input pressure of the sand blasting machine must not exceed 8kg / cm2
、操作前请穿戴安全护具和手套护目镜，耳罩（或耳塞），安全鞋等。 3. Please wear safety gear and gloves, goggles, earmuffs (or earplugs), safety shoes, etc. before operation.
、操作时，必须经过培训主可上岗，严禁酒后操作此机。 4. During operation, the master must be trained to work, and it is strictly forbidden to operate this machine after drinking.
、禁止使用有毒，有腐蚀性的磨料。 5 , the use of toxic and corrosive abrasives is prohibited.
、喷砂机要可靠接地，避免静电聚集。 6. The sand blasting machine should be grounded reliably to avoid static electricity accumulation.
Seven, maintenance and precautions of sand blasting machine
、喷砂机属粉尘较大的机器，因此需要经常保持机器的整洁，尤其对轴承，电器马达进行清洁。 1. The sand blasting machine is a relatively dusty machine, so it is necessary to keep the machine tidy, especially the bearings and electrical motors.
、对轴承需要保持润滑，防止干磨，每个月需要加油一次。 2. It is necessary to keep the bearings lubricated to prevent dry grinding, and you need to refuel once a month.
、喷砂机内的皮带支架和喷枪摇摆杆属于消耗品，保养时可采用橡胶包裹，每工作8小时检查磨损程度，发现橡胶磨损过大时，请及时更换。 3. The belt bracket and spray gun swing bar in the sand blasting machine are consumables. They can be wrapped with rubber during maintenance. Check the wear level every 8 hours of work. If the rubber is found to be too worn, please replace it in time.
、喷嘴属于消耗品，喷嘴口径磨损到11MM时，则需更换，喷嘴的使用寿命与喷嘴材质不同而论（钨钢喷嘴使用寿命约为70小时，国产碳化硼喷咀使用寿命约为300小时，更好碳化硼喷咀的使用寿命约为800小时） 4. The nozzle is a consumable. When the nozzle diameter wears to 11MM , it needs to be replaced. The service life of the nozzle is different from the nozzle material (the service life of tungsten steel nozzle is about 70 hours, and the service life of domestic boron carbide nozzle is about 300 hours. , Better service life of boron carbide nozzle is about 800 hours)
、喷枪属于消耗品，每操作100小时，请将喷枪气蕊做平衡旋转45 。 5 , the spray gun is a consumable, every 100 hours of operation, please rotate the spray gun core 45 . angle. 小时则需检查砂蕊是否有破穿孔现象，如有穿孔则将砂蕊及时更换，保证喷砂正常。 Wear each side of the air core evenly. This can greatly extend the service life of the spray gun. The sand core of the spray gun is the most vulnerable part. Every 24 hours of work, you need to check whether the sand core has broken holes. Replace in time to ensure normal blasting.
、砂管属于消耗品，正常损耗时间约为250小时左右，因此每天开机之前须检查磨损情况，另外机器在使用过程中请注意砂管与其他部位尽量不要相互磨擦，以免造成不正常磨损。 6. The sand pipe is a consumable. The normal wear time is about 250 hours. Therefore, you must check the wear before turning on the machine every day. In addition, during the use of the machine, please pay attention to avoid friction between the sand pipe and other parts to avoid abnormal wear.
、喷砂机内部贴有胶皮的地方，则是特别容易磨损的地方，每天工作8小时后，请检查每块胶板的磨损程度，发现磨损严重的部位，就必须马上加贴一块胶板，以保护机体。 7. The rubber lining inside the sand blasting machine is particularly easy to wear. After working for 8 hours a day, please check the wear of each rubber sheet. If you find that the wear is serious, you must add a rubber sheet immediately. To protect the body.
、 机器在运转过程中，将照明灯关闭，可以减低电箱负荷，照明灯使用的主要功能是用于调整喷枪位置及机器维修和检查喷枪出砂情况。 8. During the operation of the machine, turning off the lighting can reduce the load on the electrical box. The main function of the lighting is to adjust the position of the spray gun and to repair the machine and check the sand production of the spray gun.
、集尘机保养，每工作4小时，需停机清理集尘机粉尘，吸尘布管每个月须拆下来用水清洗，待晒干后才可装上。 9. Maintenance of the dust collector. Every 4 hours of work, the machine must be shut down to clean the dust of the dust collector. The suction cloth tube must be removed and washed with water every month, and it can be installed after drying.
Note: Regular cleaning can greatly help the dust collection effect. Failure to clean up the dust in time will lead to machine clogging.
Eight, the common failures of sand machines and troubleshooting methods
、喷不出砂 1.No sand can be sprayed
Note: When checking gun suction, be sure to install the nozzle.
、吸尘效果差 2. Poor vacuuming effect
、机器不启动 3. The machine does not start
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